The post-and-rail fence is constructed just as the actual ones are with wooden uprights, holes augered through them, and the ends of the rails resting in those holes.
Scraps of poplar, pine, and mahogany went into the construction of the fences.
This post-and-rail construction is typical of the turnpike fences of this region during the Civil War.
Here's one a portion of fence on the historic Hagerstown Pike which passes through
Antietam National Battlefield...
and here's its little brother.
The Mumma farm lane as it appears today...
and as it appeared...
on September 17, 1862.
Good fences make good neighbors, so say the grouchy neighbors anyway.